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Public Divided On Whether to Integrate Olympics and Paralympics: Global Poll

12 March 2012 - The public around the world is divided on whether the Paralympics should be integrated into the Olympic Games or should remain a separate event, according to a new 19-nation global poll for BBC World Service.

The results of the poll of 10,294 people, conducted by GlobeScan, show that similar numbers favour making the Paralympics part of the Olympics (47%) and keeping it as a separate event (43%). At present, the Paralympic Games are separate, but held immediately following the Olympics using the Olympic stadium and facilities.

But the poll also indicates that views differ significantly from country to country. In total, eight countries favour integrating the two events, six want to keep them separate, and five are divided. Many of the most successful Olympic nations favour keeping the two events separate, with majorities in China (67% separate, 27% integrated), the USA (64% vs 29%), and Australia (54% vs 42%) opposed to integrating them. Germany, another major Olympic medal-winning nation, is divided (46% separate, 45% integrated).

In contrast, in France (26% separate, 70% integrated), Chile (19% vs 75%), Egypt (39% vs 57%), and India (26% vs 47%), the balance of public opinion favours integrating the Paralympics into the main Games.

In the UK, which will host this year’s Olympics, public opinion is divided, but slightly opposed to bringing the two events together (50% vs 46%).

Another recent BBC/GlobeScan global poll found that majorities in most countries polled—but particularly high proportions in developing nations, including China—say that their country’s Olympic achievements affect their national pride.

GlobeScan Chairman Doug Miller comments: “The poll results suggest that integrating the Olympics and the Paralympics would be a controversial decision, with most of the nations who have won the lion's share of gold medals over recent years opposed to the change.”

A total of 10,294 citizens across 19 countries were interviewed face-to-face or by telephone between December 6, 2011 and February 17, 2012. Polling was conducted for BBC World Service by the international polling firm GlobeScan and its research partners in each country. In five of the 19 countries, the sample was limited to major urban areas. The margin of error per country ranges from +/- 2.9 to 4.9 per cent, 19 times out of 20.

For more details, please visit www.GlobeScan.com 


Other Detailed Findings

On the question of whether the Paralympics should be integrated into the main Olympic Games, the public in Russia is less polarised than respondents in the two other biggest medal-winning nations (the US, and China). While a plurality of 46 per cent in Russia is opposed to integrating the two events, many more are opposed in the US (64%) and China (67%), and the percentage of Russians who favour integration is correspondingly higher (39% vs 29% and 27% in the US and China respectively).

Views of Canadians differ from those of their American neighbours. While a majority (55%) is opposed to integrating the Paralympics into the main Olympics, support for integration is still higher than in the US (44% vs 29%, respectively).

In Latin America, respondents are generally supportive of the inclusion of the Paralympics within the main Games. Chileans are the most favourable to integration among all countries surveyed (75% in favour of integration, and only 19% opposed).

The public in Africa is more undecided. Besides Egypt, where a majority of 57 per cent favours integration, respondents in Kenya and Nigeria are divided between supporters of integration and supporters of keeping the events separate.


Participating Countries

bbc 2492 paralympics map

In China, Egypt, Indonesia, Kenya, and Turkey urban samples were used.

For detailed results, including country-by-country data for all key questions, please see the Key Findings page below.


Media Contacts

For media interviews with the participating pollsters, please contact:

Sam Mountford, Research Director
GlobeScan Incorporated, London
+44 20 7928 5368
(Mobile: +44 7854 132625)
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Oliver Martin, Director, Global Development
GlobeScan Incorporated, Toronto
+1 416 969 3073
(Mobile: +1 416 721 3544)
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About GlobeScan

GlobeScan Incorporated is an international opinion research consultancy. We provide global organisations with evidence-based insight to help them set strategy and shape their communications. Companies, multilateral institutions, governments, and NGOs trust GlobeScan for our unique expertise across reputation management, sustainability, and stakeholder relations. GlobeScan conducts research in over 90 countries, is ISO 9001-2008 quality certified and a signatory to the UN Global Compact.

Established in 1987, GlobeScan is an independent, management-owned company with offices in Toronto, London, and San Francisco. For more information, visit: www.globescan.com

About BBC World Service

The BBC World Service is an international multimedia broadcaster, delivering a wide range of language and regional services on radio, TV, online and via wireless handheld devices. It uses multiple platforms to reach its weekly audience of 166 million globally, including shortwave, AM, FM, digital satellite and cable channels. Its news sites include audio and video content and offer opportunities to join the global debate. BBC World Service offers its multilingual radio content to partner FM stations around the world and has numerous partnerships supplying content to news websites, mobile phones and other wireless handheld devices as well as TV channels. For more information, visit: www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice

Methodology

In total 21,558 citizens in Brazil, Chile, China, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Germany, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, the Philippines, Russia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States were interviewed face-to-face or by telephone between July 3, 2011 and September 16, 2011. Polling was conducted for BBC World Service by GlobeScan and its research partners in each country.

In Brazil, China, Ecuador, Egypt, Indonesia, Panama, the Philippines, and Turkey urban samples were used. The margin of error per country ranges from +/- 2.0 to 4.4 per cent, 19 times out of 20.

Country
Sample Size (unweighted)
Field dates
Sample frame
Survey methodology
Type of sample
Australia 495 December 7, 2011 – February 1, 2012 18+ Telephone National
Canada 502 December 21, 2011 – January 18, 2012 18+ Telephone National
Chile 600 December 12–22, 2011 18+ Face-to-face National
China 500 December 22, 2011 – January 12, 2012 18+ Telephone Urban1
Egypt 510 December 8–22, 2011 18+ Face-to-face Urban2
France 407 January 2–12, 2012 15+ Telephone National
Germany 495 December 27, 2011 – January 24, 2012 16-70 Telephone National
India 604 January 4-12, 2012 18+ Face-to-face National
Indonesia 500 December 17, 2011 – January 18, 2012 18+ Face-to-face Urban3
Kenya 500 January 12–18, 2012 18+ Face-to-face Urban4
Mexico 500 January 15–20, 2012 18+ Face-to-face National
Nigeria 500 December 19–27, 2011 18+ Face-to-face National
Pakistan 1180 December 25–31, 2011 18+ Face-to-face National
Peru 605 January 1–9, 2012 18-70 Face-to-face National
Russia 500 December 13–28, 2011 18+ Face-to-face National
Spain 400 February 7–17, 2012 18+ Telephone National
Turkey 500 December 8–20, 2011 15+ Face-to-face Urban5
United Kingdom 496 December 6, 2011 – January 18, 2012 18+ Telephone National
USA 500 December 14, 2011 – January 18, 2012 18+ Telephone National
  1. In China the survey was conducted in Beijing, Beiliu, Chengdu, Dujiangyan, Fenyang, Fuyang, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Manzhouli, Quanzhou, Qujing, Shanghai, Shenyang, Shuangcheng, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, and Zhengzhou, representing 45 per cent of the national adult population.
  2. In Egypt the survey was conducted in Alexandria, Cairo, Giza, and Shubra El-Kheima, representing 24 per cent of the national population.
  3. In Indonesia the survey was conducted in Bandung, Jakarta, Makassar, Medan, and Surabaya, representing 27 per cent of the national adult population.
  4. In Kenya the survey was conducted in Kakamega, Kisumu, Machakos, Mombasa, Nairobi, Nakuru, and Nyeri, representing 45 per cent of the national adult population.
  5. In Indonesia the survey was conducted in Bandung, Jakarta, Makassar, Medan, and Surabaya, representing 27 per cent of the national adult population.
  6. In Turkey the survey was conducted in Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bursa, Diyarbakir, Erzurum, Istanbul, Izmir, Konya, Samsun, and Zonguldak, representing 56 per cent of the national adult population.

 

Research Partners


CountryResearch InstituteLocationContact
Australia GlobeScan Toronto Oliver Martin
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+1 416 969 3073
Canada GlobeScan Toronto Oliver Martin
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+1 416 969 3073
Chile Mori Chile Santiago Marta Lagos
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+56 2334 4544
China GlobeScan Toronto Oliver Martin
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+1 416 969 3073
Egypt Attitude Market Research Cairo Mohamed Al Gendy
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+202 2702438
France Efficience 3 Paris and Rheims Christian de Thieulloy
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+33 1 4316 5442
Germany Ri*QUESTA GmbH Teningen Bernhard Rieder
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+49 7641 93 43 36
India Team C Voter Noida Yashwant Deshmukh
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+91 120 424 7135
Indonesia DEKA Marketing Research Jakarta Irma Malibari
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+62 21 723 6901
Kenya Research Path Associates Ltd. Nairobi Jeremy Mwololo
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+254 20 2734770
Mexico Parametría Mexico City Francisco Abundis
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+52 55 2614 0089
Nigeria Market Trends Lagos Jo Ebhomenye
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+234 1734 7384
Pakistan Gallup Pakistan Islamabad Ijaz Shafi Gilani
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+92 51 2655630
Peru Datum Lima Urpi Torrado
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+511 215 0600
Russia CESSI Institute for Comparative Social Research Moscow Vladimir Andreenkov
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+7 495 650 55 18
Spain Sigma Dos Int. Madrid Gines Garrido
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+34 91 360 0474
Turkey Yöntem Research Consultancy Ltd. Istanbul Bülent Gündoğmuş
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+90 212 278 1219
United Kingdom Populus Data Solutions London Patrick Diamond
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+44 207 553 4148
USA GlobeScan Toronto Oliver Martin
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+1 416 969 3073
 

Question Wording

M9 As you may know, the Paralympic Games, the Olympic-style games for athletes with a disability, will be taking place during 2012. Do you think the Paralympics should be made part of the main Olympics, or should they remain a separate event?

01 - Should be made part of the Olympics
02 - Should remain a separate event
VOLUNTEERED (DO NOT READ OUT)
99 - Don’t Know / Not applicable

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