A new worldwide survey of key climate decision-makers shows strong and consistent views that government leaders worldwide need to act quickly and agree on a set of clear, inclusive, and long-term policies in order to put climate solutions in place. The survey comes as countries and regions prepare for the crucial Copenhagen meeting of the UNFCCC and the G8 Summit.
The survey sought the views of 1,350 professionals in position to make or influence large climate-related decisions in their governments, companies, or other organizations across 120 countries.
Asked what their organizations most need to act to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the respondents most often mentioned the need for political support, policy development, and regulatory clarity.
Commenting on the survey results, GlobeScan president Doug Miller said, "The survey reveals a surprising level of global consensus on the broad outlines of an effective global response to the climate challenge, from policies to technologies. It suggests it is time for leaders to lead."
The survey results also make clear what these professionals see as components of an effective international agreement on climate change. Asked to rate possible components of an adequate post-2012 global agreement, strong majorities give high ratings to four elements:
- The inclusion of all major carbon-emitting countries (92% of professionals)
- A commitment by wealthy countries to provide aid and technology transfer to assist developing countries to meet targets (86%)
- Legally binding targets for each signatory country (75%)
- Different types of commitments based on countries' stages of development (77%)
After the need for policy development, respondents pointed to technology as key, particularly in seizing the many opportunities they see in the areas of energy demand management and energy efficiency. They saw the current generation of bio-fuels production from food crops as the least promising of 18 rated technologies for reducing greenhouse emissions "without unacceptable side-effects." Current nuclear technology also received a low rating.
There was a surprisingly strong consensus on the need to protect biodiversity, not least for its carbon capturing capacity, and to address climate within a sustainable development framework.
Conducted by survey researchers at GlobeScan for the World Bank, The World Conservation Union (IUCN), and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), along with other supporting organizations,1 this groundbreaking survey of climate decision makers and influencers across the world will be repeated every six months.
Unlike public opinion polls, this survey focuses on the views of professionals in position to make or influence large climate-related decisions. This focus, together with the survey's large global sample and balance of respondents across all geographies and sectors, makes this survey unique.
1Including the World Energy Congress, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, ICLEI, the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, The Centre (Brussels) and the COM+ Alliance of Communicators for Sustainable Development.